BAILAMOS©: Development, Pilot Testing, and Future Directions of a Latin Dance Program for Older Latinos

David X. Marquez, Eduardo E. Bustamante, Susan Aguiñaga, Rosalba Hernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Older Latinos have low rates of physical activity (PA) and poor health outcomes. Focus groups and a single group, pre–post 3-month pilot of a culturally appropriate Latin dance program (BAILAMOS©) were conducted among older, inactive Latinos with a self-identified mobility limitation. Nine themes emerged from focus groups, including cultural influences of dance and barriers to dancing. In the pilot intervention, 9 of 13 older Latinos completed the program and attended 85% of the sessions. Self-reported PA significantly increased (p<.05; d = 1.39), but daily accelerometer-assessed PA decreased for moderate-intensity PA (p =.18; d = 0.29). Participants reported significantly greater enjoyment of PA (p<.05; d = 0.61) and improved physical quality of life (p =.23; d = 0.31). Improvements in mobility (p =.15;d = 0.56) and aspects of cognition were demonstrated. The BAILAMOS program appears to be feasible, culturally appropriate, and has the potential to improve psychosocial determinants of PA, self-reported PA, and aspects of health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-610
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 22 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Latino
  • aging and health
  • arts
  • health disparities
  • physical activity/exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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