Bacterial leaf spot of leafy crucifers in Oklahoma caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola

Y. Zhao, J. P. Damicone, D. H. Demezas, V. Rangaswamy, C. L. Bender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

During 1995 and 1996, bacterial leaf spots severely damaged fields of kale, spinach mustard, and turnip in Oklahoma. Symptoms were small, brown, necrotic spots with irregular edges surrounded by chlorotic halos. Lesion margins were often water-soaked on the abaxial surface. The spots enlarged and coalesced, causing extensive leaf yellowing and necrosis. Nineteen strains of a fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. were isolated from symptomatic plants. LOPAT tests and carbon source oxidation using Biolog GN MicroPlates were used to classify the strains as P. syringae. Cluster analysis of carbon source oxidation profiles for the local strains and selected reference strains of P. syringae pv. maculicola and pv. tomato produced one group with 79.5% similarity. In spray inoculations, all local strains caused chlorotic or water-soaked lesions on collards, kale, cauliflower, and tomato. A few local strains caused necrotic lesions on mustard. Most local strains caused one of the three lesion types on turnip and spinach mustard. Reference strains of P. syringae pv. maculicola caused similar symptoms. All but three of the local strains produced coronatine in vitro. The local strains were thus classified as P. syringae pv. maculicola, the cause of bacterial leaf spot of crucifers. Two distinct groups of P. syringae pv. maculicola were identified by repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) with both REP and BOXA1R primers. Three subgroups within each group were further identified using the BOXA1R primer. Except for two strains of P. syringae pv. tomato which were pathogenic on crucifers, the pathovars maculicola and tomato had different genetic fingerprints. The pathogen was recovered from seven of ten fields sampled during 1994 to 1996. In five of the fields with P. syringae pv. maculicola, pathovars of Xanthomonas campestris were also isolated from lesions forming a bacterial disease complex. This is the first report of bacterial leaf spot caused by P. syringae pv. maculicola on leafy crucifers in Oklahoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1015-1020
Number of pages6
JournalPlant disease
Volume84
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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