BAC manipulations for making BAC transgene arrays

Nimish Khanna, Qian Bian, Matt Plutz, Andrew S. Belmont

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Chromosome tagging using lac or tet operator repeats for in vivo visualization of chromosome dynamics has now become a standard methodology used in a range of organisms. One variation of this approach has been to build transgene arrays creating artificial chromosome blocks to study various aspects of chromatin structure, transcription, replication, or DNA repair. Previously, plasmid transgenes with or without subsequent gene amplification have been used to build these arrays. However, plasmid arrays typically show heterochromatic properties, while gene amplification typically results in chromosome instability of the amplified regions. To avoid these problems, we are now building transgene arrays from large genomic DNA inserts cloned in bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC). These BAC transgenes show transcriptional levels within several fold of endogenous genes while also exhibiting targeting to specific nuclear compartments similar to the targeting of the endogenous genes. Here we describe Tn5 transposition and BAC recombineering methods used to retrofit BACs for their use in building BAC transgene arrays. This includes insertion of operator repeats and selectable markers into these BACs as well as targeted insertion or deletion of BAC sequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationImaging Gene Expression
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Protocols
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781627035255
StatePublished - 2013

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745


  • BAC recombineering
  • BAC retrofitting
  • GalK selection
  • Lac operator
  • Large-scale chromatin structure
  • Transgene arrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


Dive into the research topics of 'BAC manipulations for making BAC transgene arrays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this