Avoidance of carbon dioxide in flowing water by bighead carp

Caleb T. Hasler, Christa M. Woodley, Eric V. Schneider, Bryton K. Hixson, Cynthia J. Fowler, Stephen R. Midway, Cory D. Suski, David L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carbon dioxide (CO2) in water has been explored for use as an invasive species deterrent system. To date, studies have not determined CO2 avoidance by fish in flowing water, and this is a necessary step before an operational deterrent system can be implemented. The objective of the study was to define how flowing water influences the response of bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) to continuous plugs of CO2. A choice experiment by which CO2 was injected into channels of an annular flowing water flume was completed. In trials when CO2 was injected into the inner vein, fish spent less time in the vein when compared with control conditions. An increased amount of lateral movements and reduced performance were also observed when fish were exposed to elevated CO2. The study demonstrates that bighead carp in flowing water enriched with CO2 move away, a finding consistent with static water experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-969
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science


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