Aviation impact on air quality present day and mid-century simulated in the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM)

Daniel Phoenix, Arezoo Khodayari, Donald Wuebbles, Kevin Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The projected increase in global air traffic raises concerns about the potential impact aviation emissions have on climate and air quality. Previous studies have shown that aircraft non-landing and take-off (non-LTO) emissions (emitted above 1 km) can affect surface air quality by increasing concentrations of ozone (O3) and fine particles (PM2.5). Here, we examine the global impacts of aviation non-LTO emissions on surface air quality for present day and mid-century (2050) using the Community Atmosphere Model with Chemistry, version 5 (CAM5). An important update in CAM5 over previous versions is the modal aerosol module (MAM), which provides a more accurate aerosol representation. Additionally we evaluate of the aviation impact at mid-century with two fuel scenarios, a fossil fuel (SC1) and a biofuel (Alt). Monthly-mean results from the present day simulations show a northern hemisphere (NH) mean surface O3 increase of 1.3 ppb (2.7% of the background) and a NH maximum surface PM2.5 increase of 1.4 μg/m3 in January. Mid-century simulations show slightly greater surface O3 increases (mean of 1.9 ppb (4.2%) for both scenarios) and greater PM2.5 increases (maximum of 3.5 μg/m3 for SC1 and 2.2 μg/m3 for Alt). While these perturbations do not significantly increase the frequency of extreme air quality events (increase is less than 1.5%), they do contribute to the background concentrations of O3 and PM2.5, making it easier for urban areas to surpass these standards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume196
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Air quality
  • Aviation emissions
  • Non-landing and take-off emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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