The technical challenge of creating a self-driving vehicle remains an open problem despite significant advancements from universities, car manufacturers, and technology companies. Full autonomy, known as level 5 (see Society of Automotive Engineers Levels of Driving Automation), is defined as full-Time performance by an automated driving system of all aspects of the dynamic driving task under all roadway and environmental conditions that can be managed by a human driver. It is estimated that level 5 autonomous vehicles on public roads will help eliminate more than 90%  of the 35,000 annual traffic fatalities caused by human error in the United States ; reduce commute time, road congestion, and pollution; and increase driving resource utilization .
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Modeling and Simulation
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering