Autonomic damage indication in coatings

Scott R White (Inventor), Nancy R Sottos (Inventor), Wenle Li (Inventor), Christopher Coleman Matthews (Inventor)

Research output: Patent


Autonomous detection of damage in a polymer coating is described by utilizing microcapsules in a polymer coating having free and/or residual amines. The microcapsules contain a color indicator, such as 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein (DCF), bromophenol blue (BPB) or fluorescamine, which is reactive with the free and/or residual amines present in the polymer coating. For coatings without the presence of free and/or residual amines, a color indicator microcapsule can be combined with a second type of microcapsule filled with a base. When sufficient damage is inflicted to the coating, the microcapsules in and/or around an area of the damage will rupture, and the color indicator will react with the free and/or residual amines or the base to autonomically indicate the area in which the coating has been damaged.
Original languageEnglish (US)
U.S. patent number10174221
StatePublished - Jan 8 2019


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