Automatic operational modal analysis of structures based on image recognition of stabilization diagrams with uncertainty quantification

Liang Su, Jing Quan Zhang, Xin Huang, James M. LaFave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A novel automatic operational modal analysis method is proposed based on the image recognition of stabilization diagrams with uncertainty quantification. The method not only enriches the contents of the stabilization diagrams to make them much clearer—it can also avoid heavy manual analysis of the stabilization diagrams by automatically obtaining operational modal parameters. In order to increase the efficiency in identifying modal parameters of structures, a traditional stabilization diagram is re-constructed to convey the uncertainty estimates. These stabilization diagrams are then resolved into single mode stabilization diagrams (SMSDs) with a specified frequency interval, for image recognition. Subsequently, a convolutional neural network (CNN) is adopted to automatically analyze the SMSDs. In this study, the CNN is trained by the SMSDs derived from the stabilization diagrams of two numerical examples and three engineering structures. The trained CNN is then validated with a 6 degree-of-freedom model, the Heritage Court Tower building, and the Ting Kau Bridge. The robust learning and prediction results establish that the constructed CNN is effective for analyzing the stabilization diagrams of different structures. It can automatically and accurately identify the physical modes on the stabilization diagrams, without extracting any characteristic parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-357
Number of pages23
JournalMultidimensional Systems and Signal Processing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Automatic modal identification
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Deep learning
  • Stabilization diagram
  • Uncertainty quantification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Applied Mathematics

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