Automatic numerical evaluation of vacancy-mediated transport for arbitrary crystals: Onsager coefficients in the dilute limit using a Green function approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A general solution for vacancy-mediated diffusion in the dilute-vacancy/dilute-solute limit for arbitrary crystal structures is derived from the master equation. A general numerical approach to the vacancy lattice Green function reduces to the sum of a few analytic functions and numerical integration of a smooth function over the Brillouin zone for arbitrary crystals. The Dyson equation solves for the Green function in the presence of a solute with arbitrary but finite interaction range to compute the transport coefficients accurately, efficiently and automatically, including cases with very large differences in solute-vacancy exchange rates. The methodology takes advantage of the space group symmetry of a crystal to reduce the complexity of the matrix inversion in the Dyson equation. An open-source implementation of the algorithm is available, and numerical results are presented for the convergence of the integration error of the bare vacancy Green function, and tracer correlation factors for a variety of crystals including wurtzite (hexagonal diamond) and garnet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2514-2563
Number of pages50
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Volume97
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2017

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Onsager coefficients
  • lattice Green function
  • mass transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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