Automatic category search and its transfer: Aging, type of search, and level of learning

Arthur D. Fisk, Wendy A. Rogers, Brian P. Cooper, D. Kristen Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the site of learning as a function of task type and age. Two experiments examined whether learning in semantic category search is exclusive to trained elements of categories or generalizable to other elements of the trained categories. Specifically, we examined how practice searching for small subsets of exemplars from taxonomic categories transferred to untrained elements of those categories. Young and old adults received extensive practice on memory search (Experiment 1) or visual search (Experiment 2) tasks. Participants then transferred to conditions assessing whether learning was exclusive to the trained words or generalizable to other elements of the trained categories. The site of learning in memory search appears to be at the category level for both young and old adults. Level of learning in visual search appears to differ as a function of age. Young adults' learning generalizes to the category level, whereas older adults' learning is specific to the trained words.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)P91-P102
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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