The transverse resolution of optical coherence tomography is decreased by aberrations introduced from optical components and the tested samples. In this paper, an automated fast computational aberration correction method based on a stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) algorithm is proposed for aberration-corrected imaging without adopting extra adaptive optics hardware components. A virtual phase filter constructed through combination of Zernike polynomials is adopted to eliminate the wavefront aberration, and their coefficients are stochastically estimated in parallel through the optimization of the image metrics. The feasibility of the proposed method is validated by a simulated resolution target image, in which the introduced aberration wavefront is estimated accurately and with fast convergence. The computation time for the aberration correction of a 512_512 pixel image from 7 terms to 12 terms requires little change, from 2.13 s to 2.35 s. The proposed method is then applied for samples with different scattering properties including a particle-based phantom, ex-vivo rabbit adipose tissue, and in-vivo human retina photoreceptors, respectively. Results indicate that diffraction-limited optical performance is recovered, and the maximum intensity increased nearly 3-fold for out-of-focus plane in particle-based tissue phantom. The SPGD algorithm shows great potential for aberration correction and improved run-time performance compared to our previous Resilient backpropagation (Rprop) algorithm when correcting for complex wavefront distortions. The fast computational aberration correction suggests that after further optimization our method can be integrated for future applications in real-time clinical imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23306-23319
Number of pages14
JournalOptics Express
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 3 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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