Automated crack severity level detection and classification for ballastless track slab using deep convolutional neural network

Weidong Wang, Wenbo Hu, Wenjuan Wang, Xinyue Xu, Mengdi Wang, Youyin Shi, Shi Qiu, Erol Tutumluer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The classification and treatment of cracks with different severity levels based on the width measurement is a critical consideration in maintenance of ballastless track slab. Existing deep learning methods cannot directly quantify cracks, which must rely on image processing technologies to post-process the initial results by deep learning, inevitably leading to multiple steps and low efficiency. This paper proposes a novel quantitative classification method for cracks with different severity levels based on deep convolutional neural networks, using orthogonal projection method to preprocess training data and define the severity level, which is validated and evaluated from four aspects: network structures, crack data, classification methods, and environmental conditions. Results show that the Inception-ResNet-v2 network can classify crack images into three severity levels without pixel segmentation or post-processing, achieving the accuracy, precision, recall and F1 score all exceeding 93%, with good robustness and adaptability to noise and light intensity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103484
JournalAutomation in Construction
Volume124
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Automated crack classification
  • Ballastless track slab
  • Deep convolutional neural network
  • Image processing technology
  • Severity level quantification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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