Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918)

Keith Hitchins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


Austria‐Hungary came into being as the result of a compromise between the Habsburg dynasty and the German Austrians, on the one side, and the Magyar political elite in Hungary, on the other. Together, up to the end of World War I, they determined its fortunes, keeping the other sizable nationalities, notably the Slavs (Czechs, Croats, Slovaks, Slovenes, and Serbs) and the Romanians, subordinate to the two “peoples of state.” Despite differences between the two partners in Dualism and recurring crises over franchise reform and the nationality problem, the empire remained a significant force in European international relations. Its collapse was by no means inevitable. Rather, it dissolved in 1918 under the extreme pressures of World War I.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Encyclopedia of Empire
EditorsNigel Dalziel, John M MacKenzie
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISBN (Electronic)9781118455074
StatePublished - Jan 11 2016


  • Balkans
  • international relations
  • nationalism


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