Augmented equivalence principle algorithm at low frequencies

L. E. Sun, W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present equivalence principle algorithm (EPA) is augmented by introducing charge densities as extra unknowns. This helps to separate the vector potential term and scalar potential term and avoid the imbalance at low frequencies. Current continuity constraint is enforced in both the scattering operator and translation operator. These further form a new augmented EPA equation system. With this technique, the low-frequency breakdown of EPA is removed. Besides, it serves not only as a stable low-frequency method but also as a substitute over the whole frequency band. The new scheme is verified by numerical examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2274-2279
Number of pages6
JournalMicrowave and Optical Technology Letters
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • Augmented EPA
  • Augmented scattering operator
  • Augmented translation operator
  • EPA
  • Low-frequency breakdown

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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