Au-free low-temperature ohmic contacts for AlGaN/AlN/GaN heterostructures

Xiaowei Wang, Hsien Chih Huang, Bruce Green, Xiang Gao, Daniel Rosenmann, Xiuling Li, Junxia Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Au-free, Ti/Al/Ta ohmic contact on the AlGaN/AlN/GaN heterostructure using low annealing temperature is studied in this paper. With SiCl4 plasma treatment at the recess-etched contact region, a low contact resistance of 0.52 ω mm and a low sheet resistance of 373 ω/sq are achieved after annealing at 550 °C for 30 s. The low annealing temperature also leads to better surface morphology. Furthermore, AlGaN/AlN/GaN high-electron-mobility transistors (HEMTs) are fabricated with the 550 °C, 30 s annealed Ti/Al/Ta ohmic contacts, and a maximum transconductance of 123 mS/mm and a maximum drain current of 510 mA/mm are obtained for a gate length of 4 μm. Based on Silvaco's Atlas device simulation framework, a scaled-down device with a short gate length of 1 μm would produce a maximum drain current density of 815 mA/mm. It indicates that the direct current performance of the HEMTs with the ohmic metal proposed in this work is considerably better than that with Au-based ohmic contact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number062206
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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