Attitudes and emotions as predictors of support for wolf management

Jerry J. Vaske, Craig A. Miller, Samantha Pallazza, Brent Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Predictive models analyzing relationships among emotions, attitudes, behavioral intentions have inconsistently examined the implied logical flow of the concepts. This article examined two research questions. When general attitude and general emotional dispositions are predictors of support for specific wolf management actions: (a) should a direct effects, a partial mediation model, or a full mediation model be analyzed; and (b) should attitudes or emotions be the mediator? Data were obtained from a mail survey of Illinois residents (n = 2,634, response rate = 48%). Five structural equation models were examined. The partial mediation model with attitude as the mediator had the best fit, followed by the partial mediation model with emotion as the mediator. Both positive and negative emotions were more strongly related to support for wolf management than attitude. This may have occurred because a general attitude, as opposed to a specific attitude, was examined. This article examined behavioral intentions; future research should measure actual behaviors or reported behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101695
JournalJournal of Environmental Psychology
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Attitudes
  • Emotional dispositions
  • Illinois
  • Support for management strategies
  • Wolves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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