Atomic Modeling and Electronic Structure of Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conductor SrTi1- xFexO3- x/2+δ Considered as a Mixture of SrTiO3 and Sr2Fe2O5

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Abstract

As mixed ionic-electronic conductors (MIECs), ABO3 perovskite oxides and derivative compounds are candidates for applications such as solid oxide fuel and electrolysis cells. Understanding the atomic configuration and electronic structure of MIECs is important because they form the basis of ionic and electronic conductivities; but it is challenging because the materials tend to be non-dilute systems with substantial partial occupancies of the perovskite sublattices. In this work, we present a computational model for Fe-substituted SrTiO3 (STF, SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ), a representative perovskite-derivative MIEC, by considering it as a mixture of perovskite SrTiO3 (x = 0, δ = 0) and brownmillerite Sr2Fe2O5 (x = 1, δ = 0). Our model accounts for disorder in the form of Ti and Fe species on the perovskite B-site sublattice and of O atoms and vacancies VO on the oxygen sublattice. The defect chemistry and electronic structure of STF across the full composition range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 and for small |δ| is addressed within the framework of first-principles density functional theory. We find that this model of the STF solid solution reproduces experimentally known features such as short-range ordering between Fe and VO and thermodynamic influence on the oxygen content in STF. We illustrate how the electronic structure of STF systematically evolves from the characteristics of end-member compounds, SrTiO3 and Sr2Fe2O5, and establish the effects of nonzero δ on the type of electronic carriers present. These findings confirm that the SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ framework is a useful description for this material system, providing a systematic understanding of structure-property relations in the nondilute perovskite mixture. Although this work focuses on STF, the underlying approach may be applicable to other mixtures of perovskite oxides and ordered oxygen vacancy compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-243
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 8 2019

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Perovskite
Electronic structure
Oxides
Regenerative fuel cells
Oxygen Compounds
Oxygen
Derivatives
Oxygen vacancies
perovskite
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Vacancies
Density functional theory
Solid solutions
Thermodynamics
Atoms
Defects
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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@article{4796296725694031a93108d5740d4048,
title = "Atomic Modeling and Electronic Structure of Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conductor SrTi1- xFexO3- x/2+δ Considered as a Mixture of SrTiO3 and Sr2Fe2O5",
abstract = "As mixed ionic-electronic conductors (MIECs), ABO3 perovskite oxides and derivative compounds are candidates for applications such as solid oxide fuel and electrolysis cells. Understanding the atomic configuration and electronic structure of MIECs is important because they form the basis of ionic and electronic conductivities; but it is challenging because the materials tend to be non-dilute systems with substantial partial occupancies of the perovskite sublattices. In this work, we present a computational model for Fe-substituted SrTiO3 (STF, SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ), a representative perovskite-derivative MIEC, by considering it as a mixture of perovskite SrTiO3 (x = 0, δ = 0) and brownmillerite Sr2Fe2O5 (x = 1, δ = 0). Our model accounts for disorder in the form of Ti and Fe species on the perovskite B-site sublattice and of O atoms and vacancies VO on the oxygen sublattice. The defect chemistry and electronic structure of STF across the full composition range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 and for small |δ| is addressed within the framework of first-principles density functional theory. We find that this model of the STF solid solution reproduces experimentally known features such as short-range ordering between Fe and VO and thermodynamic influence on the oxygen content in STF. We illustrate how the electronic structure of STF systematically evolves from the characteristics of end-member compounds, SrTiO3 and Sr2Fe2O5, and establish the effects of nonzero δ on the type of electronic carriers present. These findings confirm that the SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ framework is a useful description for this material system, providing a systematic understanding of structure-property relations in the nondilute perovskite mixture. Although this work focuses on STF, the underlying approach may be applicable to other mixtures of perovskite oxides and ordered oxygen vacancy compounds.",
author = "Namhoon Kim and Perry, {Nicola Helen} and Elif Ertekin",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b04284",
language = "English (US)",
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pages = "233--243",
journal = "Chemistry of Materials",
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T1 - Atomic Modeling and Electronic Structure of Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conductor SrTi1- xFexO3- x/2+δ Considered as a Mixture of SrTiO3 and Sr2Fe2O5

AU - Kim, Namhoon

AU - Perry, Nicola Helen

AU - Ertekin, Elif

PY - 2019/1/8

Y1 - 2019/1/8

N2 - As mixed ionic-electronic conductors (MIECs), ABO3 perovskite oxides and derivative compounds are candidates for applications such as solid oxide fuel and electrolysis cells. Understanding the atomic configuration and electronic structure of MIECs is important because they form the basis of ionic and electronic conductivities; but it is challenging because the materials tend to be non-dilute systems with substantial partial occupancies of the perovskite sublattices. In this work, we present a computational model for Fe-substituted SrTiO3 (STF, SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ), a representative perovskite-derivative MIEC, by considering it as a mixture of perovskite SrTiO3 (x = 0, δ = 0) and brownmillerite Sr2Fe2O5 (x = 1, δ = 0). Our model accounts for disorder in the form of Ti and Fe species on the perovskite B-site sublattice and of O atoms and vacancies VO on the oxygen sublattice. The defect chemistry and electronic structure of STF across the full composition range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 and for small |δ| is addressed within the framework of first-principles density functional theory. We find that this model of the STF solid solution reproduces experimentally known features such as short-range ordering between Fe and VO and thermodynamic influence on the oxygen content in STF. We illustrate how the electronic structure of STF systematically evolves from the characteristics of end-member compounds, SrTiO3 and Sr2Fe2O5, and establish the effects of nonzero δ on the type of electronic carriers present. These findings confirm that the SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ framework is a useful description for this material system, providing a systematic understanding of structure-property relations in the nondilute perovskite mixture. Although this work focuses on STF, the underlying approach may be applicable to other mixtures of perovskite oxides and ordered oxygen vacancy compounds.

AB - As mixed ionic-electronic conductors (MIECs), ABO3 perovskite oxides and derivative compounds are candidates for applications such as solid oxide fuel and electrolysis cells. Understanding the atomic configuration and electronic structure of MIECs is important because they form the basis of ionic and electronic conductivities; but it is challenging because the materials tend to be non-dilute systems with substantial partial occupancies of the perovskite sublattices. In this work, we present a computational model for Fe-substituted SrTiO3 (STF, SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ), a representative perovskite-derivative MIEC, by considering it as a mixture of perovskite SrTiO3 (x = 0, δ = 0) and brownmillerite Sr2Fe2O5 (x = 1, δ = 0). Our model accounts for disorder in the form of Ti and Fe species on the perovskite B-site sublattice and of O atoms and vacancies VO on the oxygen sublattice. The defect chemistry and electronic structure of STF across the full composition range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 and for small |δ| is addressed within the framework of first-principles density functional theory. We find that this model of the STF solid solution reproduces experimentally known features such as short-range ordering between Fe and VO and thermodynamic influence on the oxygen content in STF. We illustrate how the electronic structure of STF systematically evolves from the characteristics of end-member compounds, SrTiO3 and Sr2Fe2O5, and establish the effects of nonzero δ on the type of electronic carriers present. These findings confirm that the SrTi1-xFexO3-x/2+δ framework is a useful description for this material system, providing a systematic understanding of structure-property relations in the nondilute perovskite mixture. Although this work focuses on STF, the underlying approach may be applicable to other mixtures of perovskite oxides and ordered oxygen vacancy compounds.

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U2 - 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b04284

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