We study the optimal focusing of two-level atoms with a near-resonant standing wave light, using both classical and quantum treatments of the problem in the thin- and thick-lens regimes. It is found that the near-resonant standing wave focuses the atoms with a reduced background in comparison with far-detuned light fields. For some parameters, the quantum atomic distribution shows even better localization than the classical one. Spontaneous emission effects are included via the technique of quantum Monte Carlo wave function simulations. We investigate the extent to which nonadiabatic and spontaneous emission effects limit the achievable minimal size of the deposited structures.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 9 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics