Atmospheric gene flow from herbicide-resistant horseweed outcrossing

Meilan Qi, Haiyan Huang, Rongjian Ye, Xiangzhen Li, David R. Miller, David W. DuBois, Junming Wang, C. Neal Stewart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) with evolved herbicide resistance has become an especially problematic weed in crop production across the United States and on four continents. Resistant horseweed biotypes can pollinate susceptible horseweed to facilitate the spread of herbicide resistance through gene flow. Although horseweed pollen dispersal is wind-borne, there is little knowledge, preventive guidelines, and mechanism modeling for pollination gene flow in this system. We need to better understand pollen dispersion, deposition, and outcrossing in the context of atmospheric conditions, herbicide-resistant horseweed patch size, pollen size, buffer crop type, height, and field size. A pollen dispersion and deposition model was calibrated and validated using 2013 experimental field data. The average model error for the simulation of pollen concentration was -1% and the error for the simulation of pollen deposition was 29%. The validated model was run for various combinations of atmospheric conditions, horseweed characteristics, and buffer species and size. Large fields with crops with a high leaf area density and tall plants can effectively prevent pollen dispersion. The information will help provide guidelines for preventing herbicide-resistance spread/gene flow from herbicide-resistant weeds and genetically modified plants in general.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages948-961
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781510810501
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Jul 26 2015Jul 29 2015

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
Volume2

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period7/26/157/29/15

Keywords

  • Gene flow
  • Herbicide resistance
  • Horseweed
  • Modeling
  • Pollen dispersion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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  • Cite this

    Qi, M., Huang, H., Ye, R., Li, X., Miller, D. R., DuBois, D. W., Wang, J., & Stewart, C. N. (2015). Atmospheric gene flow from herbicide-resistant horseweed outcrossing. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015 (pp. 948-961). (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015; Vol. 2). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.