Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces

Xiao Yan, Feng Chen, Hang Li, Soumyadip Sett, Longnan Li, Zhiyong Huang, Hanliang Bo, Nenad Miljkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Biphilic surfaces show great promise for water harvesting, dehumidification, and condensation applications. Capable of manipulating the nucleation and growth of the condensate droplets while maintaining low surface-condensate adhesion, a carefully designed biphilic surface not only allows for coalescence-induced droplet jumping, but also shows good flooding-resistance. However, the complex and costly fabrication, usually consisting of incorporating hydrophilic spots onto a hydrophobic substrate, hinders the wide-spread utilization of biphilic surfaces. Here we use laser ablation followed by thermal oxidation to fabricate CuO hierarchical biphilic surfaces on Cu substrates. The fabricated surfaces do not need additional chemical modification, as the prepared samples spontaneously transitioned from superhydrophilic to superhydrophobic due to the deposition of the airborne volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Interestingly, the dependence of the nanowire features on the curvature of the micro-topography enables local roughness variation and wetting gradients on a three-dimensional curved surface. The hilltops of the micro-cones are hydrophilic due to the presence of sparse and short nanowires, while in the valleys and ridges, the dense high-aspect-ratio nanowires together with the adsorbed airborne VOCs results in local superhydrophobicity. The as-prepared surfaces are globally superhydrophobic showing a water advancing contact angle above 160°. Condensation experiments under optical microscopy reveal that condensate prefers to nucleate at the hilltop hydrophilic areas, while droplets forming within the hydrophobic valleys show good mobility. Durable dropwise condensation and coalescence-induced droplet jumping are achieved on the CuO hierarchical surface, with ≈ 80% enhancement of the water harvesting rate over the conventional Cu hydrophobic surfaces in atmospheric water vapor condensation conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2125-2132
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Heat Transfer Conference
Volume2018-August
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event16th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 2018 - Beijing, China
Duration: Aug 10 2018Aug 15 2018

Fingerprint

roughness
Surface roughness
atmospheres
condensation
Condensation
condensates
Nanowires
nanowires
Volatile Organic Compounds
volatile organic compounds
coalescing
Coalescence
Volatile organic compounds
valleys
Water
dehumidification
water
curved surfaces
high aspect ratio
Steam

Keywords

  • Biphilic
  • Condensation
  • Manufacturing
  • Nano/Micro
  • Roughness Variation
  • Water Harvesting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Yan, X., Chen, F., Li, H., Sett, S., Li, L., Huang, Z., ... Miljkovic, N. (2018). Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces. International Heat Transfer Conference, 2018-August, 2125-2132.

Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces. / Yan, Xiao; Chen, Feng; Li, Hang; Sett, Soumyadip; Li, Longnan; Huang, Zhiyong; Bo, Hanliang; Miljkovic, Nenad.

In: International Heat Transfer Conference, Vol. 2018-August, 01.01.2018, p. 2125-2132.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Yan, X, Chen, F, Li, H, Sett, S, Li, L, Huang, Z, Bo, H & Miljkovic, N 2018, 'Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces', International Heat Transfer Conference, vol. 2018-August, pp. 2125-2132.
Yan X, Chen F, Li H, Sett S, Li L, Huang Z et al. Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces. International Heat Transfer Conference. 2018 Jan 1;2018-August:2125-2132.
Yan, Xiao ; Chen, Feng ; Li, Hang ; Sett, Soumyadip ; Li, Longnan ; Huang, Zhiyong ; Bo, Hanliang ; Miljkovic, Nenad. / Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces. In: International Heat Transfer Conference. 2018 ; Vol. 2018-August. pp. 2125-2132.
@article{561ac444fb704a5b8d60ece3ce48f293,
title = "Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces",
abstract = "Biphilic surfaces show great promise for water harvesting, dehumidification, and condensation applications. Capable of manipulating the nucleation and growth of the condensate droplets while maintaining low surface-condensate adhesion, a carefully designed biphilic surface not only allows for coalescence-induced droplet jumping, but also shows good flooding-resistance. However, the complex and costly fabrication, usually consisting of incorporating hydrophilic spots onto a hydrophobic substrate, hinders the wide-spread utilization of biphilic surfaces. Here we use laser ablation followed by thermal oxidation to fabricate CuO hierarchical biphilic surfaces on Cu substrates. The fabricated surfaces do not need additional chemical modification, as the prepared samples spontaneously transitioned from superhydrophilic to superhydrophobic due to the deposition of the airborne volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Interestingly, the dependence of the nanowire features on the curvature of the micro-topography enables local roughness variation and wetting gradients on a three-dimensional curved surface. The hilltops of the micro-cones are hydrophilic due to the presence of sparse and short nanowires, while in the valleys and ridges, the dense high-aspect-ratio nanowires together with the adsorbed airborne VOCs results in local superhydrophobicity. The as-prepared surfaces are globally superhydrophobic showing a water advancing contact angle above 160°. Condensation experiments under optical microscopy reveal that condensate prefers to nucleate at the hilltop hydrophilic areas, while droplets forming within the hydrophobic valleys show good mobility. Durable dropwise condensation and coalescence-induced droplet jumping are achieved on the CuO hierarchical surface, with ≈ 80{\%} enhancement of the water harvesting rate over the conventional Cu hydrophobic surfaces in atmospheric water vapor condensation conditions.",
keywords = "Biphilic, Condensation, Manufacturing, Nano/Micro, Roughness Variation, Water Harvesting",
author = "Xiao Yan and Feng Chen and Hang Li and Soumyadip Sett and Longnan Li and Zhiyong Huang and Hanliang Bo and Nenad Miljkovic",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2018-August",
pages = "2125--2132",
journal = "International Heat Transfer Conference",
issn = "2377-424X",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Atmosphere-mediated and roughness-variation-induced biphilic surfaces

AU - Yan, Xiao

AU - Chen, Feng

AU - Li, Hang

AU - Sett, Soumyadip

AU - Li, Longnan

AU - Huang, Zhiyong

AU - Bo, Hanliang

AU - Miljkovic, Nenad

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Biphilic surfaces show great promise for water harvesting, dehumidification, and condensation applications. Capable of manipulating the nucleation and growth of the condensate droplets while maintaining low surface-condensate adhesion, a carefully designed biphilic surface not only allows for coalescence-induced droplet jumping, but also shows good flooding-resistance. However, the complex and costly fabrication, usually consisting of incorporating hydrophilic spots onto a hydrophobic substrate, hinders the wide-spread utilization of biphilic surfaces. Here we use laser ablation followed by thermal oxidation to fabricate CuO hierarchical biphilic surfaces on Cu substrates. The fabricated surfaces do not need additional chemical modification, as the prepared samples spontaneously transitioned from superhydrophilic to superhydrophobic due to the deposition of the airborne volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Interestingly, the dependence of the nanowire features on the curvature of the micro-topography enables local roughness variation and wetting gradients on a three-dimensional curved surface. The hilltops of the micro-cones are hydrophilic due to the presence of sparse and short nanowires, while in the valleys and ridges, the dense high-aspect-ratio nanowires together with the adsorbed airborne VOCs results in local superhydrophobicity. The as-prepared surfaces are globally superhydrophobic showing a water advancing contact angle above 160°. Condensation experiments under optical microscopy reveal that condensate prefers to nucleate at the hilltop hydrophilic areas, while droplets forming within the hydrophobic valleys show good mobility. Durable dropwise condensation and coalescence-induced droplet jumping are achieved on the CuO hierarchical surface, with ≈ 80% enhancement of the water harvesting rate over the conventional Cu hydrophobic surfaces in atmospheric water vapor condensation conditions.

AB - Biphilic surfaces show great promise for water harvesting, dehumidification, and condensation applications. Capable of manipulating the nucleation and growth of the condensate droplets while maintaining low surface-condensate adhesion, a carefully designed biphilic surface not only allows for coalescence-induced droplet jumping, but also shows good flooding-resistance. However, the complex and costly fabrication, usually consisting of incorporating hydrophilic spots onto a hydrophobic substrate, hinders the wide-spread utilization of biphilic surfaces. Here we use laser ablation followed by thermal oxidation to fabricate CuO hierarchical biphilic surfaces on Cu substrates. The fabricated surfaces do not need additional chemical modification, as the prepared samples spontaneously transitioned from superhydrophilic to superhydrophobic due to the deposition of the airborne volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Interestingly, the dependence of the nanowire features on the curvature of the micro-topography enables local roughness variation and wetting gradients on a three-dimensional curved surface. The hilltops of the micro-cones are hydrophilic due to the presence of sparse and short nanowires, while in the valleys and ridges, the dense high-aspect-ratio nanowires together with the adsorbed airborne VOCs results in local superhydrophobicity. The as-prepared surfaces are globally superhydrophobic showing a water advancing contact angle above 160°. Condensation experiments under optical microscopy reveal that condensate prefers to nucleate at the hilltop hydrophilic areas, while droplets forming within the hydrophobic valleys show good mobility. Durable dropwise condensation and coalescence-induced droplet jumping are achieved on the CuO hierarchical surface, with ≈ 80% enhancement of the water harvesting rate over the conventional Cu hydrophobic surfaces in atmospheric water vapor condensation conditions.

KW - Biphilic

KW - Condensation

KW - Manufacturing

KW - Nano/Micro

KW - Roughness Variation

KW - Water Harvesting

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060366027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060366027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85060366027

VL - 2018-August

SP - 2125

EP - 2132

JO - International Heat Transfer Conference

JF - International Heat Transfer Conference

SN - 2377-424X

ER -