Athermal stiffness blends: A comparison of Monte Carlo simulations and integral equation theory

Jeffrey D. Weinhold, Sanat K. Kumar, Chandralekha Singh, Kenneth S Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Off-lattice Monte Carlo computer simulations and numerical polymer reference interaction site model (PRISM) integral equation calculations were performed to quantitatively probe the origins of entropic corrections to Flory-Huggins theory for athermal polymer blends with stiffness disparity. This model system is of interest since it has been recently proposed for describing commercially relevant hydrocarbon polymer mixtures. The novelty of the simulations is that the chemical potential changes on mixing for both components are evaluated. We have considered mixing under constant density conditions, and find surprisingly that the suffer component is stabilized on blending, while the flexible component is characterized by a positive interaction or χ parameter. The net effective single χ parameter describing these blends, however, is close to zero suggesting that they are completely miscible over a wide range of stiffness disparities and chain lengths. PRISM theory is found to be in good agreement with the simulations for both structural and mixing thermodynamic properties. While purely entropie nonrandom mixing effects could be relevant in determining system thermodynamics, especially for large stiffness disparity, the dominant contribution to the chemical potential changes on mixing arise from equation-of-state (EOS) effects since the two pure components and the mixture are at different pressures when examined at the same density. The EOS contribution to the mixing free energy for small stiffness mismatch is shown to be quantitatively reproduced through an extension of the generalized Flory approach. Through the use of PRISM theory we find that athermal, nonlocal entropy-driven phase separation can occur for long enough chains and high enough stiffness disparity. However, since no phase separation is predicted for stiffness disparities relevant to experimental hydrocarbon systems, regardless of chain length, we suggest that enthalpic effects have to be evoked to explain the limited miscibility of these commercially important mixtures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9460-9474
Number of pages15
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume103
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Integral equations
integral equations
stiffness
Stiffness
Polymers
simulation
Chemical potential
polymers
Hydrocarbons
Chain length
Equations of state
Phase separation
equations of state
hydrocarbons
interactions
polymer blends
Polymer blends
Free energy
Monte Carlo simulation
Entropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Athermal stiffness blends : A comparison of Monte Carlo simulations and integral equation theory. / Weinhold, Jeffrey D.; Kumar, Sanat K.; Singh, Chandralekha; Schweizer, Kenneth S.

In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 103, No. 21, 01.01.1995, p. 9460-9474.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Weinhold, Jeffrey D. ; Kumar, Sanat K. ; Singh, Chandralekha ; Schweizer, Kenneth S. / Athermal stiffness blends : A comparison of Monte Carlo simulations and integral equation theory. In: The Journal of Chemical Physics. 1995 ; Vol. 103, No. 21. pp. 9460-9474.
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