In this paper, we investigate the fundamental tradeoff between rate and bandwidth when a constraint is imposed on the error exponent. Specifically, we consider both additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and Rayleigh-fading channels where the input symbols are assumed to have a peak constraint. For the AWGN channel model, the optimal values of Rz(0) and Rz(0) are calculated, where Rz (1/B) is the maximum rate at which information can be transmitted over a channel with bandwidth B when the error-exponent is constrained to be greater than or equal to z. The computation of Rz(0) follows Gallager's infinite-bandwidth reliability function computation, while the computation of Rz(0) is new and parallels Verdu's second-order calculation for channel capacity. Based on these calculations, we say that a sequence of input distributions is near optimal if both Rz(0) and Rz(0) are achieved. We show that quaternary phase-shift keying (QPSK), a widely used signaling scheme, is near optimal within a large class of input distributions for the AWGN channel. Similar results are also established for a fading channel where full channel side information (CSI) is available at the receiver.
- Error exponent
- Low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)
- Near-optimality signaling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Information Systems
- Computer Science Applications
- Library and Information Sciences