The asymmetric Michael addition reaction of chirally modified P-allyl anions derived from enantiomerically enriched 2-allyl-l,3,2-oxazaphosphorinane 2-oxides has been investigated with cyclic enone. The racemic 1,3,2-oxazaphosphorinane 2-oxide 3 has been shown to be extremely diastereoselective in the Michael addition to 5-, 6-, and 7-ring enones. With the enantiomerically enriched 2-allyl-1,3,2-oxazaphosphorinane 2-oxides, high regio- and diastereoselectivities (88-90% diastereomeric excess) have been achieved in the Michael addition reaction of one of the diastereomers (cis series). The Michael reaction of the anions derived from the trans series were not diastereoselective (~10% diastereomeric excess). The origin of the addition selectivity can be rationalized by (1) consideration of the structure and conformational preferences of the allyl anion (parallel conformation, s-trans, no lithium contact), (2) conformational analysis of the 1,3,2-oxazaphosphorinane 2-oxide ring (chair, equatorial allyl group) and (3) assumption of a 10-membered ring transition state structure with lithium coordination of the enon.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry