Associations between genetic markers and growth and carcass traits in a paternal half-sib family of Angus cattle.

J. E. Beever, P. D. George, R. L. Fernando, C. J. Stormont, H. A. Lewin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Segregation of polymorphic marker genes in a paternal half-sib family of Angus cattle was used to detect associations between genetic markers and quantitative traits. The half-sib family selected (n = 146) had a sire that was heterozygous at six polymorphic marker loci; BoLA-A (class I major histocompatibility complex), B, C and F blood group systems, serum transferrin and vitamin D binding protein. Segregation of alleles fit the expected ratios for all marker loci. Performance data analyzed for all half-sibs included birth, 205-d and 365-d adjusted weights and pre- and post-weaning average daily gains. Carcass data for steers (n = 61) included carcass weight, rib-eye area, 12th rib fat thickness, percent kidney, heart and pelvic fat and yield grade. Least squares means were compared for differences in performance and carcass traits between groups of half-sibs that inherited alternative paternal alleles. Significant effects were found for two of the six marker systems. Half-sibs that inherited the chromosomal segment (CS) marked by the RBC-B system BGKOxY2A'O' phenogroup had heavier 205-d (9.1 kg) and 365-d (17.3 kg) adjusted weights, faster preweaning average daily gains (.04 kg) and less fat thickness (-2.6 mm) than sibs that inherited the CS marked by I2Y2E'1Y'. Also, sibs that inherited the CS marked by the BoLA-w2 allele had larger rib-eye areas (4.1 cm2) than sibs that inherited BoLA-w28. These data indicate the probable presence of genes linked to the RBC-B and BoLA systems that affect preweaning growth and lean muscle content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-344
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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