Associations among negative parenting, attention bias to anger, and social anxiety among youth

Lauren D. Gulley, Caroline W. Oppenheimer, Benjamin L. Hankin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Theories of affective learning suggest that early experiences contribute to emotional disorders by influencing the development of processing biases for negative emotional stimuli. Although studies have shown that physically abused children preferentially attend to angry faces, it is unclear whether youth exposed to more typical aspects of negative parenting exhibit the same type of bias. The current studies extend previous research by linking observed negative parenting styles (e.g., authoritarian) and behaviors (e.g., criticism and negative affect) to attention bias for angry faces in both a psychiatrically enriched (ages 11-17 years; N = 60) and a general community (ages 9-15 years; N = 75) sample of youth. In addition, the association between observed negative parenting (e.g., authoritarian style and negative affect) and youth social anxiety was mediated by attention bias for angry faces in the general community sample. Overall, findings provide preliminary support for theories of affective learning and risk for psychopathology among youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-585
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Biased information processing
  • Emotion
  • Selective attention
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


Dive into the research topics of 'Associations among negative parenting, attention bias to anger, and social anxiety among youth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this