Assessment of clogging of permeable pavements by measuring change in permeability

Lu Ming Chen, Jui Wen Chen, Timothy Lecher, Ting Hao Chen, Paul Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Permeable pavements are a common solution for stormwater management. Porous areas in the pavements allow water to percolate into the subsurface layers, reducing surface runoff. However, it is common for substances to clog the voids, decreasing the porous area and permeability of the pavement system. This study examined the change in permeability over time at a site with two permeable pavement systems, the JW Eco-technology (JW) and pervious concrete (PC). Square frames SF-4 and SF-9 were used to perform falling-head and constant-head permeability tests, respectively. Results show that JW had a similar permeability across the test locations, 6.27–7.64 cm/s when using SF-4, and 0.95–1.00 cm/s when using SF-9. While the permeability at the center locations of PC showed no significant loss of permeability, there was a significant reduction of permeability on the corner and edge areas, where permeability ranged 0.28–1.73 cm/s using SF-4 and 0.14–0.36 cm/s using SF-9, suggesting the occurrence of clogging over time at corner locations. Furthermore, the measured values highlighted the measurement variability in permeability between the falling-head based method and the constant-head method, with measurements from SF-4 being approximately 6.2–7.6 and 2.0–5.7 times higher than those from SF-9 on JW and PC, respectively. In addition, as no current literature quantifies the relationship between permeability and extent of clogging for the JW Eco-technology pavement, evaluation of the proportionate change in permeability with respect to voids, or individual aqueducts, of JW pavement were investigated. While not a 1:1 linear relationship, data indicate that the permeability increased with an increase in non-blocked aqueducts. The JW pavement maintained more than 50% of its capacity when half of the aqueducts were fully blocked. Even when only one aqueduct was clear from clogging, the system had 36% (SF-4) and 19% (SF-9) of maximum permeable capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number141352
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume749
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2020

Keywords

  • Clogging
  • Constant-head permeability test
  • Falling-head permeability test
  • JW Eco-technology
  • Permeability
  • Pervious concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

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