Assessing the influence of vegetation structure and phenological variability on pollen-vegetation relationships using a 15-year Neotropical pollen rain record

Derek S. Haselhorst, J. Enrique Moreno, Surangi W. Punyasena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Questions: Pollen collected from aerial pollen traps are used to interpret compositional changes in the fossil pollen record. Relationships between pollen abundances and vegetation are commonly measured using the ratio between the abundance of a pollen type and its corresponding basal area in a plant community (R-rel). Pollen–vegetation relationships have been extensively studied in temperate and boreal latitudes using surface sediment, moss polster and pollen trap samples, representing long-term accumulations of pollen. In contrast, pollen–vegetation relationships are not well-resolved in diverse tropical habitats because of a lack of modern long-term pollen and vegetation datasets. In the present study, we address two primary questions: 1. How variable are tropical pollen–vegetation relationships measured using R-rel over time? 2. To what extent are differences in pollen abundances among traps related to variability in basal area in the surrounding community?. Location: Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Methods: Variability in an annually sampled, 15-year pollen rain was compared with annual basal area data collected over the same timeframe using R-rel. Results: R-rel values were highly variable on a year-to-year basis and more consistent over time-averaged sampling windows ≥3 years. A strong positive relationship between pollen abundances and local basal area surrounding pollen traps was determined in eight taxa. Conclusions: The pollen–vegetation relationships provide a summary of the pollen representation of Neotropical taxa common in paleoecological samples over an extended sampling duration that approaches the timespan represented in lake sediment samples (~20 years). The results highlight taxa in which differences in pollen abundances among traps were strongly correlated with changes in surrounding basal area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)606-615
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Vegetation Science
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • BCI
  • Neotropical
  • phenology
  • pollen
  • R-rel
  • rain
  • relationships
  • tropical
  • vegetation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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