Assessing age-related patterns in strategy selection on a mathematical problem-solving task

Nina Lamson, Wendy A. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined age-related differences in strategy-choice behavior in 27 younger and 28 older adults. Participants solved 4 two-digit by two-digit multiplication problems. We expected them to initially calculate the answers but eventually switch to a retrieval strategy, recalling answers from memory. Three groups emerged: younger adults who met the criterion (20 consecutive, correct, retrieval trials selected and answered in time), older adults who met the criterion, and older adults who did not meet the criterion. Younger and older adults who met the criterion had similar performance patterns. Some older adults who did not meet the criterion were slower to learn, whereas others seemed to be averse to the retrieval strategy. Thus, older adult patterns in strategy choice are considerably more varied than younger adult patterns, suggesting different explanations for differences in memory performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)P146-P155
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Episodic memory
  • Memory strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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