Artificial lateral line with biomimetic neuromasts to emulate fish sensing

Yingchen Yang, Nam Nguyen, Nannan Chen, Michael Lockwood, Craig Tucker, Huan Hu, Horst Bleckmann, Chang Liu, Douglas L. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hydrodynamic imaging using the lateral line plays a critical role in fish behavior. To engineer such a biologically inspired sensing system, we developed an artificial lateral line using MEMS (microelectromechanical system) technology and explored its localization capability. Arrays of biomimetic neuromasts constituted an artificial lateral line wrapped around a cylinder. A beamforming algorithm further enabled the artificial lateral line to image real-world hydrodynamic events in a 3D domain. We demonstrate that the artificial lateral line system can accurately localize an artificial dipole source and a natural tail-flicking crayfish under various conditions. The artificial lateral line provides a new sense to man-made underwater vehicles and marine robots so that they can sense like fish.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number016001
JournalBioinspiration and Biomimetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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