Are Remittances an Effective Mechanism for Development? Evidence from Tajikistan, 1999-2007

Cynthia Buckley, Erin Trouth Hofmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In many remittance-receiving countries, evidence linking remittances to household economic stability and investment is limited. Using three cross-sectional national surveys (1999, 2003, 2007) we compare remittance-receiving to non-remittance households in Tajikistan, a country highly dependent on remittances. Exploring household perceptions of financial security, wealth and entrepreneurial activity, across a period of rising remittance reliance, we find that households receiving remittances are not more economically stabile, wealthier, or entrepreneurial than non-remittance households. Findings highlight the importance of conceptualising remittances as a process influenced by the developmental contexts within receiving countries, and question previous assumptions concerning development pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1121-1138
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Development Studies
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development

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