Architecture of full-length type I modular polyketide synthases revealed by X-ray crystallography, cryo-electron microscopy, and AlphaFold2

Saket R. Bagde, Chu-Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Covering: up to the end of 2023Type I modular polyketide synthases construct polyketide natural products in an assembly line-like fashion, where the growing polyketide chain attached to an acyl carrier protein is passed from catalytic domain to catalytic domain. These enzymes have immense potential in drug development since they can be engineered to produce non-natural polyketides by strategically adding, exchanging, and deleting individual catalytic domains. In practice, however, this approach frequently results in complete failures or dramatically reduced product yields. A comprehensive understanding of modular polyketide synthase architecture is expected to resolve these issues. We summarize the three-dimensional structures and the proposed mechanisms of three full-length modular polyketide synthases, Lsd14, DEBS module 1, and PikAIII. We also describe the advantages and limitations of using X-ray crystallography, cryo-electron microscopy, and AlphaFold2 to study intact type I polyketide synthases.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNatural Product Reports
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - Mar 19 2024

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