The information that determines the structure and function of an organism is contained by its DNA. This genetic information guides the production of specific RNA molecules, which in turn guide the production of specific protein molecules. As elucidated by Watson and Crick (1953), genetic information is maintained by a double helix structure, in which two chains having sugar/phosphate backbones are held together by hydrogen-bond pairing of adenine (A) with thymine (T) and guanine (G) with cytosine (C). The specific arrangement of the A, T, G, and C nucleotide bases holds the information that defines an organism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Biology, Physiology and Molecular Biology of Weeds|
|Number of pages||34|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)