Applications and Techniques for Fast Machine Learning in Science

Allison Mc Carn Deiana, Nhan Tran, Joshua Agar, Michaela Blott, Giuseppe Di Guglielmo, Javier Duarte, Philip Harris, Scott Hauck, Mia Liu, Mark S. Neubauer, Jennifer Ngadiuba, Seda Ogrenci-Memik, Maurizio Pierini, Thea Aarrestad, Steffen Bähr, Jürgen Becker, Anne Sophie Berthold, Richard J. Bonventre, Tomás E. Müller Bravo, Markus DiefenthalerZhen Dong, Nick Fritzsche, Amir Gholami, Ekaterina Govorkova, Dongning Guo, Kyle J. Hazelwood, Christian Herwig, Babar Khan, Sehoon Kim, Thomas Klijnsma, Yaling Liu, Kin Ho Lo, Tri Nguyen, Gianantonio Pezzullo, Seyedramin Rasoulinezhad, Ryan A. Rivera, Kate Scholberg, Justin Selig, Sougata Sen, Dmitri Strukov, William Tang, Savannah Thais, Kai Lukas Unger, Ricardo Vilalta, Belina von Krosigk, Shen Wang, Thomas K. Warburton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In this community review report, we discuss applications and techniques for fast machine learning (ML) in science—the concept of integrating powerful ML methods into the real-time experimental data processing loop to accelerate scientific discovery. The material for the report builds on two workshops held by the Fast ML for Science community and covers three main areas: applications for fast ML across a number of scientific domains; techniques for training and implementing performant and resource-efficient ML algorithms; and computing architectures, platforms, and technologies for deploying these algorithms. We also present overlapping challenges across the multiple scientific domains where common solutions can be found. This community report is intended to give plenty of examples and inspiration for scientific discovery through integrated and accelerated ML solutions. This is followed by a high-level overview and organization of technical advances, including an abundance of pointers to source material, which can enable these breakthroughs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number787421
JournalFrontiers in Big Data
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • big data
  • codesign
  • coprocessors
  • fast machine learning
  • heterogeneous computing
  • machine learning for science
  • particle physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Systems

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