Application of Time-Domain 1H NMR for Investigating Dynamics of Vegetative Lipids in Bioenergy Crops at Different Developmental Stages

Shraddha Maitra, Vijay Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sweet sorghum is typically cultivated for the food and fodder market. Recently, sweet sorghum varieties are being metabolically transitioned to enhance energy density by accumulating oil droplets in their vegetative tissues for bioenergy applications. Owing to the high biomass yield of sorghum, the transgenic lines can compete with oil-seed crops for biodiesel yield per unit area. In the initial phase of transgenic development, a high-throughput phenotyping method can bridge the gap between the production pipeline and analysis to improve the efficiency of the process. To meet the requirement, the present study extends the application of time-domain 1H-NMR spectroscopy for rapid quantification and characterization of the total in-situ lipids of sweet sorghum 'ramada' to lay the groundwork for analyzing the upcoming large quantity of transgenic samples. NMR technology has been successfully established for analyzing lipid contents of vegetative tissues of non-transgenic variety. The multiexponential analysis of spin-lattice (T1) relaxation spectra obtained from TD-NMR aided the investigation of the dynamics of the free and bound lipid fraction with plant development. The total lipid concentration of bagasse and leaves of non-transgenic sweet sorghum remained unchanged throughout the plant development. Leaves displayed a higher percentage of bound lipids as compared to bagasse. A significant variation in the lipid concentration of juice was observed at the different growth stages with a maximum lipid accumulation of 1.21 ± 0.04% w/w at the boot stage that decreased with further maturity of the plant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial Biotechnology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023


  • Time domain H-NMR spectroscopy
  • biofuel
  • crop harvest time
  • free and bound lipids
  • lipid dynamics
  • sweet sorghum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology


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