Application of semi-coupled ultrasonic pulse velocity to image concrete structures using tomographic algorithms

Hajin Choi, John S Popovics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this research, data from contactless air-coupled ultrasonic measurements are used to characterize internal defects within a full-scale reinforced concrete column. The measurements are carried out using an automated scanning frame, which maintains constant air gap between the air-coupled transducer and the concrete surface, and ensures accurate spatial position of the transducer. Because concrete surface preparation and physical coupling process are not needed, this system collects a large amount of test data across the cross-section of the concrete column in a reasonably short amount of time. The acquired large amount of data enables reconstruction of internal images within the concrete element. Images are reconstructed from the data in two ways: 1) modified filtered back projection and 2) algebraic reconstruction technique. The modified filtered back projections successfully applied using the collected data and sinogram interpolation to develop internal image of structure. As compared to the iterative method, the speed of computation significantly improves without a significant difference with tomogram quality. The results prove that the proposed ultrasonic method is applicable to full-scale concrete structures, and developed images can localize internal defects in an efficient way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages1017-1020
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781479970490
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2014
Event2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Sep 3 2014Sep 6 2014

Publication series

NameIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
ISSN (Print)1948-5719
ISSN (Electronic)1948-5727

Other

Other2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period9/3/149/6/14

Keywords

  • concrete
  • non-contact ultrasonic
  • tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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    Choi, H., & Popovics, J. S. (2014). Application of semi-coupled ultrasonic pulse velocity to image concrete structures using tomographic algorithms. In IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS (pp. 1017-1020). [6931787] (IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ULTSYM.2014.0249