Application of graded finite elements for asphalt pavements

William G. Buttlar, Glaucio H. Paulino, Seong Hyeok Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Asphalt paving layers, particularly the surface course, exhibit vertically graded material properties. This grading is caused primarily by temperature gradients and aging related stiffness gradients. Most conventional existing analysis models do not directly account for the continuous grading of properties in flexible pavement layers. As a result, conventional analysis methods may lead to inaccurate prediction of pavement responses and distress under traffic and environmental loading. In this paper, a theoretical formulation for the graded finite element method is provided followed by an implementation using the user material subroutine (UMAT) capability of the finite element software ABAQUS. Numerical examples using the UMAT are provided to illustrate the benefits of using graded elements in pavement analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-249
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Volume132
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

Keywords

  • Asphalt pavements
  • Finite element method
  • Fractures
  • Material properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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