Apparent hydrodynamic thickness of densely grafted polymer layers in a theta solvent

Yoon Kyoung Cho, Ali Dhinojwala, Steve Granick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the drainage of a near-theta solvent through densely grafted polymer layers and compare to recent notions that these layers display little permeability to solvent flow at surface separations less than a "hydrodynamic thickness." The solvent is trans-decalin (a near-theta solvent at the experimental temperature of 24°C). The polymer is polystyrene (PS) end-attached to two opposed mica surfaces via the selective adsorption of the polyvinylpyridine (PVP) block of a PS-PVP diblock copolymer. The experimental probe was a surface forces apparatus modified to apply small-amplitude oscillatory displacements in the normal direction. Out-of-phase responses reflected viscous flow of solvent alone - the PS chains did not appear to contribute to dissipation over the oscillation frequencies studied. The value of the hydrodynamic thickness (RH) was less than the coil thickness (L0) measured independently from the onset of surface-surface interactions in the force-distance profile, implying significant penetration of the velocity field into the polymer layer. As the surface-surface separation was reduced from 3Lo to 0.3Lo, the apparent hydrodynamic thickness (R*H) decreased monotonically to values R*H ≪ RH. Physically, this indicates that the "slip plane" moved progressively closer to the solid surfaces with decreasing surface-surface separation. This was accompanied by augmentation of the effective viscosity by a factor of up to approximately 5, indicating somewhat diminished permeability of solvent through the overlapping polymer layers. Similar results hold for the flow through surface-anchored polymers in a good solvent. It is interesting to note the strong stretching of densely end-grafted polymers in a theta solvent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2961-2968
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume35
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1997

Keywords

  • Anchored coils
  • Hydrodynamic thickness
  • Interface
  • Interfacial rheology
  • Surface forces apparatus
  • Theta solvent
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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