Abstract

An apparatus has been constructed which produces uniform spheres of solid hydrogen for experiments testing the feasibility of using the solid hydrogen pellets for refueling fusion reactors. Two versions of the apparatus were developed, one which produced 70-μm-diam pellets at the rate of 10 5/sec and another which produced 210-μm pellets at the rate of 2.6×104/sec. The first step in the pellet production is to liquefy the hydrogen by flowing it through a liquid-helium-cooled heat exchanger. Then, a liquid hydrogen jet is formed by flowing the hydrogen through a nozzle. The jet is broken up into uniform drops by an acoustical excitation. The drops are frozen by evaporation in a pressure less than the triple point pressure of hydrogen. Finally, the drops are injected into vacuum for the experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-631
Number of pages7
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1977

Fingerprint

pellets
Hydrogen
hydrogen
refueling
liquid hydrogen
fusion reactors
heat exchangers
liquid helium
Fusion reactors
nozzles
Liquids
Heat exchangers
Helium
evaporation
Nozzles
Evaporation
Experiments
vacuum
Vacuum
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Apparatus for producing uniform solid spheres of hydrogen. / Foster, C. A.; Kim, K.; Turnbull, R. J.; Hendricks, C. D.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 48, No. 6, 01.12.1977, p. 625-631.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Foster, C. A. ; Kim, K. ; Turnbull, R. J. ; Hendricks, C. D. / Apparatus for producing uniform solid spheres of hydrogen. In: Review of Scientific Instruments. 1977 ; Vol. 48, No. 6. pp. 625-631.
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