A novel picorna-like virus, provisionally named Aphis glycines virus 1 (ApGlV1) was discovered by high-throughput sequencing of soybean total RNAs and detected in suction trap-collected Aphis glycines. The ApGlV1 genome contains two large ORFs organized similar to those of dicipiviruses in the Picornaviridae where ORFs 1 and 2 encode structural and nonstructural proteins, respectively. Both ORFs are preceded by internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements. The 5′ IRES was more active in dual luciferase activity assays than the IRES in the intergenic region. The ApGlV1 genome was predicted to encode a serine protease instead of a cysteine protease and showed very low aa sequence identities to recognized members of the Picornavirales. In phylogenetic analyses based on capsid protein and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase sequences, ApGlV1 consistently clustered with a group of unclassified bicistronic picorna-like viruses discovered from arthropods and plants that may represent a novel family in the order Picornavirales.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of General Virology|
|State||Published - 2020|
- Insect virus
- Serine protease
ASJC Scopus subject areas