We study symmetries and defects of a wide class of two-dimensional Abelian topological phases characterized by Lie algebras. We formulate the symmetry group of all Abelian topological field theories. The symmetries relabel quasiparticles (or anyons) but leave exchange and braiding statistics unchanged. Within the class of ADE phases, in particular, these anyonic symmetries have a natural origin from the Lie algebra. We classify one-dimensional gapped phases along the interface between identical topological states according to symmetries. This classification also applies to gapped edges of a wide range of fractional quantum spin Hall (QSH) states. We show that the edge states of the ADE QSH systems can be gapped even in the presence of time-reversal and charge-conservation symmetries. We distinguish topological point defects according to anyonic symmetries and bound quasiparticles. Although in an Abelian system, they surprisingly exhibit non-Abelian fractional Majorana-like characteristics from their fusion behavior.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Dec 30 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics