The combination of 10-12 kbar pressure plus Lewis acidic zinc dichloride promotes highly regioselective and stereoselective Diels-Alder cycloaddition between 3-bromo-2-pyrone, prepared in a new way, and unactivated terminal alkene 4-(tert-butyldimethylsiloxy)-1-butene. The conjugate base of A-ring allylic phosphine oxide 20 adds chemospecifically to the C-8 keto group of some C-8,C-24-diketones to form directly metabolically resistant 24-oxo analogs of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol). Several of these new hybrid analogs are as efficacious in vitro as calcitriol at inhibiting growth of murine keratinocytes even at physiologically relevant 10-100 nanomolar concentrations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry