Antioxidant capacity of different broccoli (Brassica oleracea) genotypes using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay

Anne C. Kurilich, Elizabeth H. Jeffery, John A. Juvik, Matthew A. Wallig, Barbara P. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Antioxidant capacity of hydrophilic and lipophilic extracts from eight broccoli genotypes was compared using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. Each genotype was analyzed for carotenoid, tocopherol, ascorbic acid, and flavonoid content. Results indicate that the antioxidant capacity of hydrophilic extracts ranged from 65.8 to 121.6 μmol trolox equivalents (TE)/g of tissue, and the capacity of lipophilic extracts ranged from 3.9 to 17.5 μmol TE/g. Ascorbic acid and flavonoid content of the hydrophilic extracts did not explain the total variation in antioxidant capacity of those extracts, suggesting either the presence of other antioxidant components that have yet to be identified or that the known antioxidants are producing synergistic effects. The carotenoids did correlate with antioxidant capacity of the lipophilic extracts and accounted for the majority of the variability in that fraction. The variability in hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidant capacity found among these genotypes suggests that potential efficacy from antioxidants will vary considerably from genotype to genotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5053-5057
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume50
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2002

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Antioxidant capacity
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Brassica oleracea
  • Broccoli
  • Carotenoid
  • Flavonoid
  • ORAC
  • Tocopherol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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