Antimutagenicity of ellagic acid against aflatoxin B1 in the Salmonella microsuspension assay

Guadalupe Loarca-Piña, Paul A. Kuzmicky, Elvira González De Mejía, Norman Y. Kado, Dennis P.M. Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ellagic acid (EA) is a phenolic compound with antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic properties. It occurs naturally in some foods such as strawberries, raspberries, grapes, black currants and walnuts. In the present study, we used the Salmonella microsuspension assay to examine the antimutagenicity of EA against the potent mutagen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) using tester strains TA98 and TA100, Further, we used a two-stage incubation procedure that incorporates washing the bacterial cells free of the incubation mixture after the first incubation to investigate EA and AFB1 interaction. Three different concentrations of AFB1 (2.5, 5 and 10 ng/tube) were tested against five different concentrations of EA for TA98 and TA100. EA significantly inhibited mutagenicity of all doses of AFB1 in both tester strains with the addition of S9. EA alone was not mutagenic at the concentrations tested. The greatest inhibitory effect of EA on AFB1 mutagenicity occurred when EA and AFB1 were incubated together. Lower inhibition was apparent when the cells were first incubated with EA followed by a second incubation with AFB1, and also when the cells were first incubated with AFB1 followed by a second incubation with EA alone. The results of the sequential incubation studies support the hypothesis that one mechanism of inhibition could involve the formation of a chemical complex between EA and AFB1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalMutation Research - Environmental Mutagenesis and Related Subjects
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Aflatoxin B
  • Antimutagenicity
  • Ellagic acid
  • Microsuspension
  • Mutagenicity
  • Salmonella typhimurium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Genetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Antimutagenicity of ellagic acid against aflatoxin B1 in the Salmonella microsuspension assay'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this