Recent studies have reported the existence of an epitaxially stabilized tetragonal-like ("T-like") monoclinic phase in BiFeO 3 thin films with high levels of compressive strain. While their structural and ferroelectric properties are different from those of rhombohedral-like ("R-like") films with lower levels of strain, little information exists on magnetic properties. Here, we report on a detailed neutron scattering study of a nearly phase-pure film of T-like BiFeO 3. By tracking the temperature dependence and relative intensity of several superstructure peaks in the reciprocal lattice cell, we confirm antiferromagnetism with largely G-type character and T N=324 K, significantly below a structural phase transition at 375 K, contrary to previous reports. Evidence for a second transition, possibly a minority magnetic phase with C-type character, is also reported with T N=260 K. The coexistence of the two magnetic phases in T-like BiFeO 3 and the difference in ordering temperatures between R-like and T-like systems is explained through simple Fe-O-Fe bond distance considerations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 20 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics