The antiestrogenic character and potency of 4-(N,N-diethylam-inoethoxy )-4'-methoxy-α -(p-hydroxypheny l)-α'-ethyIstilbene (H1285) and its binding to estrogen receptor and to estrogen-noncompetible antiestrogen binding sites have been studied in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. H1285 has an affinity for the estrogen receptor (Kd 0.23 nM) which is comparable to that of estradiol (Kd 0.25 nM), and the binding of these two compounds to estrogen receptor is mutually competitive. On high salt sucrose gradients, the sedimentation profiles of nuclear receptor complexes with H1285 and estradiol are different. While the sedimentation profile of the complex with estradiol varies with the buffer composition, being 4.1 S in phosphate:thioglycerol: glycerol and predominantly 5.5S in Tris:EDTA buffered gradients, the H1285 receptor complex shows the same sedimentation (5.5S) regardless of the buffer composition. H1285 also binds to estrogen-noncompetable antiestrogen binding sites that are distinct from the estrogen receptor with a low affinity, only 15% that of the antiestrogen tamoxifen. The biological character and potency of Hf285 were examined by determining its effects on cell proliferation, cellular progesterone receptor levels, and plasminogen activator activity. In MCF-7 cells, H1285 was a 30-to 100-fold more potent inhibitor of cell proliferation than was the antiestrogen tamoxifen, and it was approximately equipotent with the higher affinity antiestrogen trans-hydroxytamoxifen. H1285 evoked very minimal increases in cellular progesterone receptor levels, and no increase in plasminogen activator activity over a broad range of concentrations (10-10-10-6 M), and it suppressed plasminogen activator activity stimulated by estradiol. Therefore, by the criteria we have used, we conclude that H1285 is a potent and very effective antiestrogen in MCF-7 cells. The ability of estradiol to reverse the suppression of cell proliferation by H1285, and the high affinity of H1285 for estrogen receptor and its low affinity for estrogen-noncompetible antiestrogen binding sites suggest that H1285 exerts its antiestrogenic effects via interaction with the estrogen receptor of these breast cancer cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research