Associations between anthropometric, body composition, and dietary intake and measures of bone mineral density (BMD) in young-adult females were explored. Positive associations were found between body weight and TB (p <.05), lumbar spine (LS) (L2-L4, p <.01), and total proximal femur (TPF) BMD (p <.0001); body mass index and LS (p <.05), TPF (p <.0001), and total forearm BMD (p <.01); FFST mass and TB (p <.001), LS (p <.01), and TPF BMD (p <.0001), and fat mass and LS (p <.05) and TPF BMD (p <.01). LS BMD had negative associations with protein, magnesium, and iron intake (all p <.05). Average vitamin D intake had a positive association with ultradistal forearm BMD (p <.01). Findings support the positive influence of body weight and soft-tissue mass on BMD in young adult females.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cultural Studies
- Sociology and Political Science