Leptin may favorably respond to fat mass (FM) losses induced by a low-carbohydrate (LC) diet, although this is unclear. We examined serum leptin concentrations in women in midlife undergoing different dietary approaches to body weight (BW) loss. Women followed either a LC, high-protein (LCHP; n = 13) or high-carbohydrate, low-fat (HCLF; n = 12) diet for 12 weeks. Changes in anthropometric and soft-tissue mass measurements and leptin concentrations were assessed. Women in both diet groups had reductions in BW, BMI, fat-free soft-tissue mass, FM, body fat percentage, and central abdominal fat (CAF) (P < 0.001 for all variables) over the 12-week intervention. These changes were not significantly different between diet groups. Serum leptin concentrations decreased by 41.8% (P < 0.001) in the LCHP group and by 44.3% (P < 0.001) in the HCLF group from baseline to week 12, with no significant difference between groups. The association of CAF (r = 0.73) and FM (r = 0.83) change with leptin change was strong in the HCLF group. Leptin change did not relate to change in any variable in the LCHP group. Both LCHP and HCLF diets favorably lower FM, CAF, and leptin in women, suggesting that beneficial changes in leptin can be similarly achieved through different dietary approaches to BW loss.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics