Annealing free, clean graphene transfer using alternative polymer scaffolds

Joshua D. Wood, Gregory P. Doidge, Enrique A. Carrion, Justin C. Koepke, Joshua A. Kaitz, Isha Datye, Ashkan Behnam, Jayan Hewaparakrama, Basil Aruin, Yaofeng Chen, Hefei Dong, Richard T. Haasch, Joseph W. Lyding, Eric Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examine the transfer of graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) with polymer scaffolds of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), poly(lactic acid) (PLA), poly(phthalaldehyde) (PPA), and poly(bisphenol A carbonate) (PC). We find that optimally reactive PC scaffolds provide the cleanest graphene transfers without any annealing, after extensive comparison with optical microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Comparatively, films transferred with PLA, PPA, PMMA/PC, and PMMA have a two-fold higher roughness and a five-fold higher chemical doping. Using PC scaffolds, we demonstrate the clean transfer of CVD multilayer graphene, fluorinated graphene, and hexagonal boron nitride. Our annealing free, PC transfers enable the use of atomically-clean nanomaterials in biomolecule encapsulation and flexible electronic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number055302
JournalNanotechnology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 6 2015

Fingerprint

Graphite
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Scaffolds
Graphene
Polymers
Polymethyl methacrylates
Annealing
Lactic acid
Chemical vapor deposition
Flexible electronics
Boron nitride
Carbonates
Biomolecules
Scanning tunneling microscopy
Photoelectron spectroscopy
Encapsulation
Nanostructured materials
Optical microscopy
Atomic force microscopy
Multilayers

Keywords

  • Chemical vapor deposition
  • Contaminants
  • Graphene
  • Layering
  • Polymers
  • Transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Wood, J. D., Doidge, G. P., Carrion, E. A., Koepke, J. C., Kaitz, J. A., Datye, I., ... Pop, E. (2015). Annealing free, clean graphene transfer using alternative polymer scaffolds. Nanotechnology, 26(5), [055302]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/26/5/055302

Annealing free, clean graphene transfer using alternative polymer scaffolds. / Wood, Joshua D.; Doidge, Gregory P.; Carrion, Enrique A.; Koepke, Justin C.; Kaitz, Joshua A.; Datye, Isha; Behnam, Ashkan; Hewaparakrama, Jayan; Aruin, Basil; Chen, Yaofeng; Dong, Hefei; Haasch, Richard T.; Lyding, Joseph W.; Pop, Eric.

In: Nanotechnology, Vol. 26, No. 5, 055302, 06.06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wood, JD, Doidge, GP, Carrion, EA, Koepke, JC, Kaitz, JA, Datye, I, Behnam, A, Hewaparakrama, J, Aruin, B, Chen, Y, Dong, H, Haasch, RT, Lyding, JW & Pop, E 2015, 'Annealing free, clean graphene transfer using alternative polymer scaffolds', Nanotechnology, vol. 26, no. 5, 055302. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/26/5/055302
Wood JD, Doidge GP, Carrion EA, Koepke JC, Kaitz JA, Datye I et al. Annealing free, clean graphene transfer using alternative polymer scaffolds. Nanotechnology. 2015 Jun 6;26(5). 055302. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/26/5/055302
Wood, Joshua D. ; Doidge, Gregory P. ; Carrion, Enrique A. ; Koepke, Justin C. ; Kaitz, Joshua A. ; Datye, Isha ; Behnam, Ashkan ; Hewaparakrama, Jayan ; Aruin, Basil ; Chen, Yaofeng ; Dong, Hefei ; Haasch, Richard T. ; Lyding, Joseph W. ; Pop, Eric. / Annealing free, clean graphene transfer using alternative polymer scaffolds. In: Nanotechnology. 2015 ; Vol. 26, No. 5.
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