Angstrom-scale imaging of magnetization in antiferromagnetic Fe2As via 4D-STEM

Kayla X. Nguyen, Jeffrey Huang, Manohar H. Karigerasi, Kisung Kang, David G. Cahill, Jian Min Zuo, André Schleife, Daniel P. Shoemaker, Pinshane Y. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We demonstrate a combination of computational tools and experimental 4D-STEM methods to image the local magnetic moment in antiferromagnetic Fe2As with 6 angstrom spatial resolution. Our techniques utilize magnetic diffraction peaks, common in antiferromagnetic materials, to create imaging modes that directly visualize the magnetic lattice. Using this approach, we show that center-of-mass analysis can determine the local magnetization component in the plane perpendicular to the path of the electron beam. Moreover, we develop Magnstem, a quantum mechanical electron scattering simulation code, to model electron scattering of an angstrom-scale probe from magnetic materials. Using these tools, we identify optimal experimental conditions for separating weak magnetic signals from the much stronger interactions of an angstrom-scale probe with electrostatic potentials. Our techniques should be useful for characterizing the local magnetic order in systems such in thin films, interfaces, and domain boundaries of antiferromagnetic materials, which are difficult to probe with existing methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113696
StatePublished - May 2023


  • 4D-STEM
  • Antiferromagnetism
  • FeAs
  • Magnetic imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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