Angle-of-arrival (AOA) factorization in multipath channels

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper considers the problem of estimating K angle of arrivals (AoA) using an array of M > K microphones. We assume the source signal is human voice, hence unknown to the receiver. Moreover, the signal components that arrive over K spatial paths are strongly correlated since they are delayed copies of the same source signal. Past works have successfully extracted the AoA of the direct path, or have assumed specific types of signals/channels to derive the subsequent (multipath) AoAs. Our method builds on the core observation that signals from multiple AoAs embed predictable delay-structures in them, which can be factorized through iterative alignment and cancellation. Simulation results show median AoA errors of < 4 for the first 3 AoAs. Real-world measurements, from a circular microphone array similar to Amazon Echo, show modest degradations. We believe the ability to infer even K = 3 AoAs can be helpful to various sensing and localization applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7878-7882
Number of pages5
JournalICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume2021-June
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2021 - Virtual, Toronto, Canada
Duration: Jun 6 2021Jun 11 2021

Keywords

  • Acoustics
  • Angle-of-arrival
  • Blind channel inference
  • Cancellation
  • Localization
  • Multipath

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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